The Bulletin of Psychological Type
Vol. 41 Issue 2 2017
This is the first APTi book review for the 2017 edition of The Bulletin of Psychological Type.
Doing a book review is incredibly time consuming. We are very appreciative both of Katherine’s expertise and of the donation of her time to produce this very helpful review of Pierre Cauvin & Geneviève Cailloux’s interesting and useful book.
Happy Type Watching to you, and Happy Type Reading, too,
Katherine W Hirsh Katherine W. Hirsh,
D.Phil. is a principal of HirshWorks, a writing and management consultancy. She is co-author of the Self-Discovery Digest blog and the
type report Building Your Career Transition Strategy. She bas been using psychological type personally and professionally for over twenty-five years. Katherine’s preferences are for INTP.
See her in Salt Lake City in her pre-conference workshop on Monday,July 16, 2017: Leaders, Ladders and Llfe Changing Events: Applying Type to Facilitate Change. Details at the end of the book review.
Becoming Who You Are With the Intelligence of Self: Understanding One’s Psychological Type and Developing fully with Voice Dialogue
By Pierre Cauvin & Geneviève Cailloux, Bloomington, IN: Balboa Press, pp. 245, 2016
“We want the shoemaker to be well shod.”
Cauvin and Cailloux’s intent in writing this book is to provide a guide for professionals to use to conduct their own development work so that they may become more effective and authentic in their work with clients. As they say in the sentences just preceding the epigraph above,
“Intelligence of Self is more than just a method that we apply to others without looking at ourselves; it is a way to look at ourselves and the world. It is a way to feel, to understand, and to act…”
I’d like to urge you to take up the challenge of seeing, feeling, understanding and acting in the world using the tools they provide—your practice and the type community will be enriched by such an effort.
Becoming Who You Are comprises two parts. The first part contains four chapters which describe Cauvin and Cailloux’s tri-partite model of psychological functioning and development the Intelligence of Self : adaptation strategies, developmental options and the eight Jungian functions. The five chapters in the second part lay out the application of the Intelligence of Self approach. Becoming Who You Are also contains a glossary of key terms, an index of literary references (many chosen to illustrate features of one or more of the eight function-attitudes) and a bibliography.
This first thing to marvel at is the quality of the translation. With some small translation experiences under my belt, I appreciate both the challenges and the opportunities such as task affords. Catherine Carston has surmounted the former magnificently and made the most of the latter. lndeed, in their acknowledgements, Cauvin and Cailloux state: “Going beyond translation, Catherine provided helpful assistance through her suggestions and comments. The English version of this book is, for that reason, more complete than the French original!” (p. 237)
The second noteworthy aspect is the plentitude of metaphor used to bring both concepts and praxis alive. Individuals will be prompted to craft their own touchstone imagery as a basis for contemplation and as a source of peace and harmony as they steer into a more conscious state of awareness on the somewhat rough seas of integration. Coaches and facilitators will find language to concretize the task of development and awaken in their clients both energy and enthusiasm for the journey.
To give just one illustration, here is their metaphorical description of the development of the Aware Ego: “The Aware Ego is…a permanent path on the ridgeline between two peaks, the path of a tightrope walker on a wire, constantly correcting the tiny imbalances that could topple him to one side or the other.” (p. 139)
A third powerful reason to get a copy of Becoming Who You Are is to have access to its eighteen tables and thirty figures. For example, Table 2.1 Adaptation Strategies (pp. 29-31)\ it details eight strategies —The Inner Child, The Protector, The Rule Maker, The Perfectionist, The Inner Critic, The Patriarch/Matriarch, The Caretaker and The Responsible—in terms of “why the strategy is originally established” (contributions ofthis strategy) and “when the strategy becomes excessive” (limitations of this strategy). As another example, Table 4.2 (p. 73) Projections by One Function onto the Same Function in the Opposite Orientation describes both the positive and negative projections from one function (e.g., Extraverted Intuition, Ne) onto its parallel function with the opposite orientation (here, lntroverted Intuition, Ni).
These two examples highlight two key themes of Becoming Who You Are. First, all systems, including the psyche, involve a natural flow of energy between polarities or complementary forces. Because they take a polarity approach, this book delves into the light and the dark side of our typologies. It does not paint an exaggerated (and negative) portrait of each of the dominant types as Psychological Types does; however, it does not shy away from detailing the derailments and damage that can result from indiscriminate, unskilled or over-use of each ofthe eight functions. To wit:
“The dominant function is also the one used the most skillfully, or the most easily, relatively speaking. However, this doesn’t mean that the dominant function is always used well. It’s possible to have Thinking as the dominant function and spout nonsense; or Feeling as dominant, and have a skewed value system; or Sensing as dominant, and collect trivia; or Intuition as dominant and be out in left field! p. 18
Second idea they put forward notion that we should conceive of the self as a “team” or “tribe” of personalities. Becoming Who You Are invites us to investigate which of the members of this tribe control us and which we have under our intentional control. The first sort of team member, or Sub-Personality, they refer to as the Auto-Pilot (aka the Operating Ego or the Primary Self) and define it as: “[a combination of processes and strategies that spontaneously take control of an individual.” The latter they refer to as “the Aware Ego” — the “ongoing or continual process of integrating opposite polarities.” (p. 219) Roughly speaking, Part I of Becoming Who You Are lays out the characteristics of a life ruled by the Auto-Pilot and differentiates it from a life in which the Aware Ego is evolving. They propose that this evolution begins when we identify how we function in terms of our psychological type and the strategies and Sub-Personalities that characterize the Auto-Pilot; then unhook ourselves from this automatic mode by understanding that we are a fuller and richer self than the patterns that have served us well (and not so well) up until now; and finally we learn to integrate and rebalance these opposite parts into an Aware Ego that allows us to operate in a more conscious ‘manual control” mode.
Part II offers tools and techniques for greater activation of the Aware Ego. Now to be clear, they are not arguing that we can dispense with the Auto-Pilot. Indeed it would be a challenge to get through a day, much less a whole life, if each decision made or action taken required the deep, conscious consideration of the Aware Ego. Some decisions must be made quickly and others simply don’t warrant close scrutiny (or at least not on every occasion). As they put it, “[t]he practical question…[isJ When do we need to awaken our true pilot, the Aware Ego, and put it into the driver’s seat?” (p. 102) The chapters in Part II help us answer this question. They cover lifespan development of the Auto-Pilot and the Aware Ego; coaching as seen through the lens of the Intelligence of Self model; five techniques to assist you (and your clients) on the journey to wholeness — Voice Dialogue, psychological type, active imagination, taking back projections and dream analysis; suggestions for self-coaching designed to help you make the Intelligence of Self a way of life; and finally case-studies showing the methods described in earlier at work.
They conclude the book by encouraging us to heed the call to individuation and to remain open and hopeful on this journey. With the tools in Becoming Who You Are, the paths to greater consciousness will be easier to discern and our steps as we navigate them will feel more certain and true. As we learn to embrace our full selves, we expand our capacity for acceptance ofthe full selves of others and thus “our own self-development becomes a contribution to the development of the human community as a whole.’ Add this book to your library and open up new vistas on your way to ‘becoming who you are.’